Monday, January 3, 2011

FV Indiana's Guide to Indiana's 2011 Legislative Session

Indiana's 2011 Legislative Session
Welcome to the 5th edition of FV Indiana's Guide to the Legislative Session. This year brings a "long session", stating on January 5th, 2011, where a two year state budget will be set. The continued economic downturn will create significant stresses on budget planning and resources. It will be more important than ever for Families to be involved, sharing your experience. This guide is intended to be a reference issue; in it you will find information on the budget process, how a bill becomes a law, definitions and translations of acronyms and information on the House and Senate leadership. If you are in a district with a new legislator, make the effort to introduce yourself and share your perspective. If your legislator is returning continue to build your relationship. Watch FV Indiana and other sources for action alerts as the session progresses. If you have information about the session to share please contact fv.indiana@gmail.com

How a Bill Becomes Law
Legislation 101
Any legislator in either chamber (House or Senate) can initiate a bill on any matter. The Indiana Constitution provides that all appropriations and revenue-raising bills MUST originate in the House. To introduce a bill, a member files it with the Clerk. The bill is first read to the chamber, at which time each member has a printed copy to study. After the first reading, the bill is assigned to a committee. On the next legislative day, the bill is read for the second time so it will be ready for action when it comes out of the committee. Much of the "work" on a bill comes in the committee. Members of key committees, and particularly committee chairs, can be very influential in modifying the language of a proposed bill and determining whether or not it advances to a vote by the full house. Amendments (changes in the original bill) or even complete bill substitutions may be offered by the committee that studies the bill or by a member from the floor. Sometimes there may be several versions of one bill before the committee can agree. If a committee reports favorably on a bill (a majority of the committee votes for it), it is returned to the full house for a third reading and possibly further debate. Most bills passed out of committee are passed by the full house, but they may be altered, sometimes dramatically, or perhaps not voted upon at all.

Parliamentary maneuvers are sometimes very confusing to spectators, but these rules help to maintain order. Sometimes a bill's opponents can use parliamentary procedures to block a vote on a bill they cannot defeat or amend to their liking. Assuming that a bill survives such parliamentary maneuvers, the vote is taken. If a measure receives a majority of votes, it is passed and sent to the other chamber for consideration and goes through the whole process again. The second chamber can amend the bill, pass it as is or defeat it. If the legislation is amended, it is returned for consideration by the originating chamber. When the House and Senate disagree about amended portions, the presiding officers of each body appoint members to a conference committee which tries to find an acceptable compromise which must be approved in identical form by a majority of both houses. If the second chamber passes the bill without any changes, it is sent to the Governor, who can sign it or veto it. If he signs it, it becomes law; if he vetoes it, the bill "dies" and would have to be reintroduced another year unless the veto is overridden by the legislature, which is rare.

All bills vetoed by the Governor are sent back to the presiding officer of the house of the General Assembly where it originated with a list of reasons for the veto. The Governor's veto can be overridden by two-thirds of the votes in each house. When this happens, the bill becomes law. All bills introduced in the current session, as well as their current status in the process and any amendments, can be viewed on the state website at http://www.in.gov/apps/lsa/session/billwatch/

The Budget Process
How does it work?
Currently, state agencies are operating under a budget approved by the General Assembly during the 2009 session. During the next session, legislators will make decisions regarding a new two-year state budget, and the House, Senate, and Governor's Office will negotiate on the budget for FY 2012 and 2013, which begins July 1, 2011. The following is a brief outline of the budget process:

1. Each department or state agency submits formal budget requests to the Governor's Office.

2. The Governor drafts a budget, and presents it during his annual State of the State address, sometime during early January.

3. The House members draft a bill that includes their own budget proposals. The House Ways and Means Committee will study the proposed budget bill, hear testimony, make recommendations and send the bill back to the full House chamber (January - February).

4. The recommended changes and revisions will be voted on by House members and then sent to the Senate, where it will be taken up by the Appropriations Committee (February - March).

5. Each chamber will take their version of the budget to the Conference Committee (composed of members of each party from each chamber, appointed by their respective leaders) where legislators will negotiate and come to consensus on the budget (March-April).

6. Each chamber will vote on the agreed upon budget and approve for the next fiscal year (April).

7. The governor will sign the budget into law (April-May).

8. State agencies will begin planning and implementing the new budget which will be effective on July 1, 2011. (April - June)

Take Action!
Advocacy Questions and Answers
How can I take action on legislation?
1. Form a relationship with your representatives and senators by calling, emailing, faxing, and scheduling meetings to tell them about how their decisions on the budget and laws affect the quality of life for you and your family.
2. Consider focusing your efforts on key issues such as the Medicaid services, ensuring that any plans for K-12 supports inclusive education practices or First Steps issues.

How can I contact my state representative or senator?
Every member has an email address and an office phone number at the statehouse. The most effective ways to communicate are by personal contacts, be they emails, phone calls or face-to-face meetings. Legislators prefer to hear from their own constituents directly and may not pay attention to mass emails or form letters, especially from people outside their districts. Many legislators even invite constituents with concerns to contact them at home or via cell phone. Information about legislators is available on the state website at http://www.in.gov/apps/sos/legislator/search/

You can mail and phone your legislators at the following:
House of Representatives
Indiana House of Representatives
200 W. Washington Street
Indianapolis, IN 46204-2786
(317) 232-9600
(800) 382-9842

Senate
Indiana State Senate
200 W. Washington Street
Indianapolis, IN 46204-2785
(317) 232-9400
(800) 382-9467

TDD Telephone Numbers
TDD (317) 232-0404
TDD (800) 548-9517

The Governor
The Honorable Mitch Daniels
Office of the Governor
Statehouse
Indianapolis, Indiana 46204-2797
(317)232-4567

How do I contact other state agencies?
The State of Indiana website is found at: www.in.gov and contains links to all state as well as many federal and local web resources.

When is the General Assembly in session?
The 2011 General Assembly convened on Jan. 5th and is scheduled to end no later than April 29th.

Stay Informed
Groups that provide legislative updates and Action Alerts
Family Voices Indiana
http://fvindiana.blogspot.com

The ARC of Indiana
http://www.arcind.org/legislative_information_page.htm
Information on the ARC's legislative agenda and general legislative information including link to sign up for action alerts.

Indiana Government
http://www.in.gov/apps/lsa/session/billwatch/billinfo?year=2011&session=1&request=all
Session information including Bill Watch (information on bills, votes, resolutions, etc.).

Indiana General Assembly
http://www.ai.org/legislative/index.html
Indiana General Assembly website.

Indiana PTA
http://www.indianapta.org/LegAlert.html
State and national legislative information from Indiana PTA.

Indiana DOE
http://www.doe.in.gov/puttingstudentsfirst/
Legislative agenda by the Indiana Department of Education.


Glossary
Become familiar with these commonly used acronyms
Appropriation: a specific amount of money that is intended for use by a specific state program
FSSA: Family and Social Services Administration (in charge of Medicaid & First Steps)
DD: Developmental Disabilities
DOE: Department of Education
FY: Fiscal Year
HB: House Bill
HR: House Resolution
SB: Senate Bill

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